Data Mining the City: User Demands through Social Media




Architecture, city, data mining, design, social media



Information technologies are commonly used in architectural and urban design. The use of these technologies providing support at every stage of the design opens up different perspectives for designers and users. The aim of the study is to obtain user demands for green spaces of a specific district by mining data through social media and to detect the actual green spaces of the same district using applications developed for this purpose. User demands for design decisions and applications of green spaces and the current situation of the study area are evaluated.


The research is firstly realized through social media, and data obtained from Twitter is analysed in order to evaluate user demands for parks and green spaces of Ataşehir district in İstanbul City. Secondly, all green areas in the same district are detected by using digital maps. Two applications are specifically designed for this research; Tweet Grabber is used for user sentiment analysis on social media and Map Grabber is processed for extraction of green spaces via maps. The total area of the green spaces is compared with the desired area of open and green spaces per user.


The user demands and thoughts obtained in the study about the green spaces of the district are compatible with the actual situation of green spaces. It is observed that the users are mostly dissatisfied with the adequacy of green spaces. Designers, politicians, municipalities and all stakeholders can benefit from the obtained user expectations and feedback. Interpreting user demands by mining data through social media enables user participation in design decisions. This research method can be supportive and adaptive in related issues of design for the cities, enabling user participation in architectural and urban design.

Research Limitations/Implications

Parks and green spaces of Ataşehir district of İstanbul are taken as a case study. Twitter is chosen for mining of data in social media based on parameters such as keywords and location.

Social/Practical Implications

The impact and support of users in design decisions can be clearly demonstrated by advanced information technologies. Mining data through social media and developed applications will contribute to design decisions and policies for architectural and urban spaces.


Tweet Grabber and Map Grabber applications are developed for this research in order to get text based and image based data. The research includes a unique case study for mining data through social media on a specific design issue and target location.


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Author Biographies

Hülya Soydaş Çakır, Fenerbahçe University

Hülya Soydaş Çakır has been Assistant Prof. in the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture at Fenerbahçe University since 2018. She received her bachelor’s and master’s degree in Architecture from İstanbul Technical University. She had Ph.D. in Informatics from Marmara University.  She has architectural experience in various projects, publications and researches on Digital Learning and Design Environments, Computer Aided Design, Education, Universal Design, Information Technologies and Design Disciplines.

Vecdi Emre Levent, Fenerbahçe University

Vecdi Emre Levent has been Assistant Prof. in the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture at Fenerbahçe University since 2019. He received his bachelor's degree from Arel University, his master's degree from Yıldız Technical University and his Ph.D. from Özyeğin University in Computer Engineering. His experience includes computer arithmetic and architecture, VLSI/FPGA design and automation, embedded systems, machine vision and image processing. He provides consultancy for various defence industry companies.


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How to Cite

Soydaş Çakır, H., & Levent, V. E. (2021). Data Mining the City: User Demands through Social Media . ICONARP International Journal of Architecture and Planning, 9(2), 799–818.