Reproduction of Architecture in Modernizing Local Architecture: The Case of Muqarnas




Architectural reproduction, cultural heritage, globalization, muqarnas, simulation strategy


The present study aims to investigate the cultural identity concept and its relation to cultural heritage within a conservation framework under the threat of unfettered interventions for modernity and its requirements by analyzing the reproduced architectural works. Furthermore, the study focused on clarifying and tracking the effects of architectural reproduction on society and individuals, as well as on the local way of thinking and local culture in a specific region known as the "Levant." The research method is developed in two interconnected ways: qualitative 'interpretive' research methods are used to explain the pure concept of cultural heritage, while a 'simulation strategy' is used between traditional and historical architectural elements to create new architectural elements with historical origins and contemporary touches. Construct logic is a method of "modernizing local architecture”, in that it controls modern architecture and uses it to develop local architecture rather than obliterating and distorting it. "Muqarnas," one of the Islamic architectural decorative elements widely used in the Levant and surrounding geography, is chosen as the simulation case study for developing new contemporary architectural elements used both structurally and decoratively. The simulation approach used in the study is limited to several traditional architectural elements from the study's historical and cultural context, which were documented with architectural and technical data as well as illustrative drawings. It may be possible to raise conservation awareness by simulating some traditional architectural elements and developing them in a highly technical environment. Furthermore, it can provide the opportunity to obtain new architectural elements of a contemporary cultural nature that resist architectural reproduction in a variety of internal and external fields, as well as structural solutions.


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Author Biographies

Motasem Issa Mahmoud Abu Zer, Eskişehir Osmangazi University

Motasem Issa Mahmoud Abu Zer got a Master's degree from the Department of Architecture at Eskişehir Osmangazi University in 2022 with the title of “Usage Modernizing in Conservation of Local Architectural Heritage: The Case of Amman in Jordan”. He has a bachelor degree of Architectural Engineering at Hashemite University. He has interested with drawing skills to design buildings that are functional, safe and sustainable within cultural identity framework, cultural heritage, and also architectural restoration.

Kader Reyhan, Eskişehir Osmangazi University

Kader Reyhan (Asst Prof. Dr.) is working at the Department of Architecture of Eskişehir Osmangazi University as head of Architectural Restoration program. He got a master’s degree from the Architectural Restoration program in 2014 and a PhD degree from the Department of Architecture of İzmir Institute of Technology in 2011. He is interested in architectural heritage, architectural restoration, historical buildings, historical building types, historical construction techniques and materials.


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How to Cite

Abu Zer, M. I. M., & Reyhan, K. (2023). Reproduction of Architecture in Modernizing Local Architecture: The Case of Muqarnas. ICONARP International Journal of Architecture and Planning, 11(1), 155–180.