Evaluation of Optimal Criteria for Designing Solar Greenhouses in Cold Climate Residential Buildings (Case Study: Tabriz, Iran)
Keywords:Solar greenhouse, optimal criteria for design, cold climate, energy consumption, residential buildings
Since a major part of energy in cold climates is spent on heating, using alternative methods to heat buildings is of particular importance for buildings. Solar greenhouses are inactive building solutions that absorb solar energy to provide heating in the side spaces. Greenhouse efficiency depends on several factors. The research carried out so far has used these factors in the design of a solar greenhouse to reduce energy consumption, which has finally been compared with the non-applied state of this system. The purpose of this study is to investigate the physical characteristics such as “depth”, “protrusion”, “roof slope”, and “orientation” of solar greenhouses and the influence of each factor in different modes and hours in the cold climate of Tabriz. For this purpose, a simulation has been made using “Energy Plus” software. In the next step, the optimal modes of solar greenhouse design are presented by comparing the different states of each physical factor on the first and the middle day of each month in a 6-hours period. Research results show; increasing the surface while the sun is shining and using more depth when there is no sun will maintain indoor temperature. Also, using two or three-way greenhouses (east and south) increases the efficiency of the greenhouse by 30%. The roof slope has no effect on heating the room adjacent to the greenhouse. Also, the absence of protrusions helps adjust the room temperature relative to the outside environment by up to 20 %. No significant effect on temperature was observed in calculating the ratio of greenhouse area to room area in summer. But in the cold season, a large greenhouse area greatly impacts by up to 15 %.
Abdolkhaleghi, P., Sabernejad, Z., Fayaz, R., (2021), Optimal framework of sunspace based on energy performance in residential buildings in cold climate of Iran (Case study: Sanandaj City). Haft Hesar J Environ Stud, 10 (36), 5-18. http://hafthesar.iauh.ac.ir/article-1-1382-en.html
Abounoori, E., Gholizadeh Eratbeni, M., (2022). Economic Evaluation of Solar Electricity (Photovoltaic) Based on the Space Available in the Building in Different Climates of Iran. Journal of Renewable and New Energy, 9(2), 150-157.
Amani, N., Moghadas Mashhad, M., (2020). The Feasibility of Construction of Zero-Energy Building in the Cold and Semi-Arid
Climate (Case Study: Mashhad). Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 22(5), 57-71.
Bakhtyari, V., Fayaz, R., (2020). Optimization of semi-open spaces of apartment houses to become a sunspace using simulated annealing algorithm. Journal of Architecture in Hot and Dry Climates, 8(11), 183-209. https://doi.org/10.29252/ahdc.2020.1986
Bakhtyari, V., Fayyaz, R., (2019). Capabilities and Limitations of Energy Optimization Tools in Architectural Design Phase. Iranian Journal of Energy. 22, 127-150. http://necjournals.ir/article-1-1449-fa.html
Barimani, M., Kaabi, D., (2015). Renewable Energy Developing in Iran (Investigating Objections and Presenting Approaches). Journal of Renewable and New Energy, 2(1), 28-34.
Çakır, U., Şahin, E., (2015). Using solar greenhouses in cold climates and evaluating optimum type according to sizing, position and location: A case study. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 117, 245-257. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2015.08.005
Esmaeli, H., Roshandel, R., (2020). Optimal design for solar greenhouses based on climate conditions. Renewable Energy. 145, 1255-1265. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2019.06.090
Fathalian, A., Kargarsharif, H., (2020). Investigating the Effect of Different Energy Saving Strategies on Energy Rating of Building by Design Builder Software (Case Study: Office Building). Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 22, 199-214. doi: 10.22034/jest.2019.42973.4590
Fayyaz, R., Montaser Kouhsari, A., (2013). Analysis of Greenhouse Application to Save Energy Consumption in Residential Buildings, Third International Conference on New Approaches to Energy Conservation, Tehran.
Ghobadian, V., (2021). Climatic study of traditional Iranian buildings. Tenth ed., University of Tehran Press, Tehran
Ghouchani, M., Taji, M., Cheheltani, A.S., Chehr, M.S., (2021). Developing a perspective on the use of renewable energy in Iran. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 172, 121049.
Gilani, S., Kari, M.B., (2011). Investigation of Greenhouse’s Thermal Performance in Residential Buildings of Cold Climate Case Study: City of Ardebil. Modares Mechanical Engineering. 11, 147-157. http://mme.modares.ac.ir/article-15-1022-fa.html
Gorjian, SH., NematZadeh, B., Eltrop, L., Shamshiri, R.R., Amanlou, Y., (2019). Solar photovoltaic power generation in Iran: Development, policies, and barriers. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 106, 110-123. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.rser.2019.02.025
Han, F., Chen, Ch., Hu, Q., He, Y., Wei, Sh., Li, C., (2021). Modeling method of an active–passive ventilation wall with latent heat storage for evaluating its thermal properties in the solar greenhouse. Energy and Buildings. 238, 110840.
Hashemi, F., Heydari, S., (2012). Optimizing Energy Consumption in Residential Buildings in Cold Climates. Soffeh. 22, 75-86. https://soffeh.sbu.ac.ir/article_100137.html
Hassanien, R., Hassanien, E., Li, M., Lin, W.D., (2016). Advanced applications of solar energy in agricultural greenhouses. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 54, 989-1001.
Hassanien, R., Hassanien, E., Li, M., Tang, Y., (2018). The evacuated tube solar collector assisted heat pump for heating greenhouses. Energy and Buildings. 169, 305-318.
Huang, L. Deng, L., Li, A., Gao, R., Zhang, L., Lei, W., (2020). Analytical model for solar radiation transmitting the curved transparent surface of solar greenhouse. Journal of Building Engineering, 32, 101785. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2020.101785
Huang, L., Deng, L., Li, A., Gao, R., Zhang, L., Lei, W., (2021), A novel approach for solar greenhouse air temperature and heating load prediction based on Laplace transform. Journal of Building Engineering. 44, 102682.
International Energy Agency (IEA), (2020). World energy outlook. Paris: OECD.
Khorasanizadeh, H., Mohammadi, K., Mostafaeipour, A., (2014). Establishing a diffuse solar radiation model for determining the optimum tilt angle of solar surfaces in Tabas, Iran. Energy Convers Manage, 78, 805–14.
Mihalakakou, G., (2002). On the Use of Sunspace for Space Heating/Cooling in Europe. Renewable Energy. 26, 415-429. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-1481(01)00138-0
Mihalakakou, G., Ferrante, A., (2000). Energy Conservation and Potential of a Sunspace: Sensitivity Analysis. Energy Conversion & Management. 41, 1247- 1264.
Mobtaker, H.G., Ajabshirchi, Y., Ranjbar, S.F., Matloobi, M., (2019). Simulation of thermal performance of solar greenhouse in north-west of Iran: An experimental validation. Renewable Energy, 135, 88-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2018.10.003
Moghaddasi, M., Hiedari, S., Shahcheraghi, A., (2022), Analysis and Comparison The Thermal Performance of Solar Greenhouse (Simulated Model and Portotypic Model) in The Cold and Mountainous Climate of The Country (Case Study: Iran, Solar Greenhouse in Kermanshah City). Honar-Ha-Ye-Ziba: Memary Va Shahrsazi, 27(1), 5-18. https://doi.org/10.22059/jfaup.2022.250112.671934
Moghaddasi, M.M., Heidari, Sh., Shahcheraghi, A., Daneshjoo, Kh. (2016). Evaluation of the optimal model of solar greenhouse in residential buildings of temperate and mountainous climate of the country (Case study: Kermanshah). Journal of Urban and Rural Management. 15, 489-504. http://ijurm.imo.org.ir/browse.php?a_id=1442&slc_lang=fa&sid=1&ftxt=1
Mohammadpour, A., Motie, R., Rezamanesh, M., (2013). Investigating the heating effect of skylights, patios and greenhouse systems in Urmia. Third International Conference on New Approaches to Energy Conservation, Tehran.
Mottard, J.M., Fissore, A., (2007). Thermal Simulation of an Attached Sunspace and its Experimental Validation. Solar Energy. 81, 305-315. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2006.07.005
Oliveti, G., De Simone, M., Ruffolo, S., (2008). Evaluation of the Absorption Coefficient forSolar Radiation in Sunspaces and Windowed Rooms. Solar Energy. 82, 212-219.
Pakari, A., Ghani, S., (2019). Airflow assessment in a naturally ventilated greenhouse equipped with wind towers: numerical simulation and wind tunnel experiments. Energy and Buildings. 199, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2019.06.033
Parsa, H., Sajjady S.Z., (2019). Studying the Trend of Sustainability Indices of Energy in the First Half of Iran’s 20-Year Vision. Quarterly Journal of the Macro and Strategic Policies, 6(4), 546-567.
Pourdarbani, R., (2020). Review of Current Status and Future Demand for Renewable Energy in Iran and its Marketing. Journal of Renewable and New Energy, 7(1), 118-124.
Rouhizadeh, A.R., Farrokhzad, M., (2020). Regulation of environmental conditions, Seventh ed., Asr Kankash Publications, Tehran.
Shahsavari, A., Yousefi, H., Shahveran, E., (2018). The share of solar energy from the world energy basket in 2030. Journal of Renewable and New Energy, 5(2), 116-121.
Vidadili, N., Suleymanov, E., Bulut, C., Mahmudlu, C., (2017). Transition to renewable energy and sustainable energy development in Azerbaijan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 80, 1153-1161. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.05.168
Zomorodian, Z., Tahsildoost, M., (2015). Validation of energy simulation software in building with experimental and comparative approach. Iranian Journal of Energy, 18(4), 115- 132. http://necjournals.ir/article-1-803-en.html
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 ICONARP International Journal of Architecture and Planning
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
1. The International Journal of Architecture and Planning (ICONARP) open access articles are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDeriatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This license lets the author to share (copy and redistribute) his/her article in any medium or format.
2. ICONARP cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. Under the following terms:
The author must give appropriate credit, provide a link to ICONARP, and indicate if changes were made on the article. The author may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the ICONARP endorses the author or his/her use.
The author may not use the article for commercial purposes.
If the author remix, transform, or build upon the article, s/he may not distribute the modified material.
The author may share print or electronic copies of the Article with colleagues.
The author may use the Article within his/her employer’s institution or company for educational or research purposes, including use in course packs.
3. The author authorizes the International Journal of Architecture and Planning (ICONARP) to exclusively publish online his/her Article, and to post his/her biography at the end of the article, and to use the articles.
4. The author agrees to the International Journal of Architecture and Planning (ICONARP) using any images from the Article on the cover of the Journal, and in any marketing material.
5. As the author, copyright in the Article remains in his/her name.6. All papers should be submitted electronically. All submitted manuscripts must be original work that is not under submission at another journal or under consideration for publication in another form, such as a monograph or chapter of a book. Authors of submitted papers are obligated not to submit their paper for publication elsewhere until an editorial decision is rendered on their submission. Further, authors of accepted papers are prohibited from publishing the results in other publications that appear before the paper is published in the Journal.