An Analysis on the Biophilic Design Patterns in Higher Education Buildings: AGU as a Case of Biophilic Campus




AGU Sumer Campus, biophilic campus, biophilic design patterns, education buildings


Examining the biophilic elements in education campuses, which are a smaller-scale representation of urban areas, would be an example of urban-scale human–nature improvements. In this context, this article aims to analyze the biophilic elements in Abdullah Gul University (AGU) Sumer Campus and 3 education buildings for the interaction tendency between nature and humans. This examination encompasses two processes, first, taking photographs through on-site observation and applying a survey. On-site observation and photography included author-collected evidence of biophilic elements on campus. A questionnaire was conducted to analyze the awareness of biophilic elements among the occupants of the AGU education buildings and campus. It was determined how many biophilic design principles exist in buildings and how aware the occupants are of these principles. Due to this detection, the potentials and shortcomings of the AGU education buildings and campus were brought to light in terms of biophilic design. In the research, the AGU campus and 3 main education buildings, which have significance in the historical spatial memory of the city of Kayseri and are in the restoration process, were chosen as a case. Buildings under restoration within the campus were excluded. In addition, 14 biophilic patterns identified by Browning, Ryan, and Clancy constitute the scope of this study. The research can be applied to other university campuses in the city of Kayseri. This awareness in education buildings will also lay the groundwork for the spread of biophilic criteria on an urban scale.The research treats education campuses and buildings as a small representation of the urban scale. With the analysis of biophilic elements, the AGU campus has original value in defining it as an example of a biophilic campus.


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Author Biographies

Seyma Ezgi Yılmaz, Abdullah Gül University

Şeyma Ezgi YILMAZ graduated from Nuh Naci Yazgan University, Department of Architecture in 2017. During her undergraduate studies, she studied with Erasmus at the University of Pecs, Hungary, (2015). In 2018 she started the integrated PhD program at Abdullah Gül University. She has participated in many national and international workshops and has oral presentations at several conferences. She continues her Ph.D. research on building facades, facade technologies and biomimetic design.

Asim Mustafa Ayten, Abdullah Gül University

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Asım Mustafa AYTEN received the B.Sc. degree in Urban and Regional Planning, METU, Faculty of Architecture 1991. He got his M.Sc. from Gazi University, the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture in 1996 and Ph.D. degrees, from Ankara University Political Science and Public Administration Department in 2002. Prior to joining Abdullah Gül University as a faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Bozok University in February of 2012. His research focuses on the urban planning and Urban Design, Environmental Sciences and Sustainability, Urban Renewal and Transformation, Urban politics and Healthy Cities and Planning.


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How to Cite

Yılmaz, S. E., & Ayten, A. M. (2023). An Analysis on the Biophilic Design Patterns in Higher Education Buildings: AGU as a Case of Biophilic Campus. ICONARP International Journal of Architecture and Planning, 11(2), 692–715.