Determining People's Design Priorities for Neighbourhood Units: A Study in Liverpool, Merseyside




Neighbourhood planning, design principles, participatory planning, AHP, Liverpool


Local planning authorities and developers aim at designing and regenerating neighbourhoods in which people want to live. However, this aim is difficult to achieve if participation is conducted poorly. As a result, people may live in places that are created according to the ideas of designers and the priorities of market conditions and not according to their own. Therefore, determining people's preferences is essential for livable and sustainable neighbourhood design. This paper introduces and tests a method for determining people's design preferences, namely an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) methodology. The method is based on making pairwise comparisons of key design principles and structural factors of neighbourhood units. The testing was conducted in Liverpool city centre. Here, it was established that participants' priorities in neighbourhood design are safety, affordable housing and accessibility, respectively. Also, participants prefer to live in non-gated detached and semi-detached housing communities. This article offers an empirical contribution to the participatory neighbourhood planning literature.


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Author Biographies

Sinan Levend, Konya Technical University

Sinan Levend is an assistant professor at Konya Technical University, Türkiye. He received his bachelor’s degree in 2001, MSc. in 2004 and PhD.  in 2011 from the Department of Urban and Regional Planning of Selçuk University. TÜBİTAK supported him within the scope of the International Postdoctoral Research Fellowship Program in 2018-2019 for post-doctoral studies at the University of Liverpool. He is conducting research activities in the areas of urban planning, urban policy, decision making and neighborhood planning.

Thomas B. Fischer, University of Liverpool

Thomas B Fischer (PhD, Dipl-Geogr, FIEMA, FHEA) is a Professor at the University of Liverpool, UK with over 31 years of practical, research and training/teaching experience in spatial, transport and environmental policy, planning and impact assessment (IA). He is Director of the Environmental Assessment and Management Research Centre and Head of the WHO collaborating Centre on Health in Impact Assessments. He is also an Extraordinary Professor at the Research Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, North West University (Potchefstroom Campus), South Africa. He has worked in both, public and private sectors and has published widely on environmental and health policy, planning and IA globally with 11 books, over 110 refereed journal articles, numerous book chapters and other documents, including guidance.  He is editor-in-chief of the journal Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal.


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How to Cite

Levend, S., & Fischer, T. B. (2022). Determining People’s Design Priorities for Neighbourhood Units: A Study in Liverpool, Merseyside. ICONARP International Journal of Architecture and Planning, 10(1), 21–42.