Cultural Perception Performance Assessment of Adaptively Reused Heritage Buildings: Kilis Eski Hamam Case Study




adaptive reuse, heritage buildings, cultural heritage, post-occupancy evaluation, building assessment


Adaptive reuse of the built heritage can often result in damage to heritage values both during the adaptation and reuse processes -in many cases it can bear on building performance and user satisfaction. Post-occupancy evaluation (POE) is a well-known method of assessing building performance, and previous studies demonstrated the practicality of employing POE in reused heritage building assessment. Yet, POE’s contribution to heritage conservation has not been comprehensively explored. This paper presents the findings of an indicative POE of a hammam building adapted into a restaurant as a case study.

The case study building was evaluated through a series of walk-throughs, photographs, documentation, and a user survey. The POE has pointed to damage and authenticity loss in the building by reuse based on established conservation principles concerning intangible heritage values and cultural perception, resulting in a series of recommendations to prevent future deterioration and improve the performance of the building. A key observation is that data from the user survey do not coincide with the findings based on internationally acknowledged principles of conservation practice, which indicates that heritage awareness still has not been gained by the wider society. Hence, this study concludes that more research is required to examine the use of POEs in addressing heritage conservation issues and suggests a greater understanding of the role of POE surveys for a more valuable insight into user feedback. It also provides designers and decision-makers with matters to be taken in account regarding the preservation of authenticity when executing an adaptive reuse project for a heritage building.


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Author Biographies

Esra İslamoğlu, Hasan Kalyoncu University

Esra İSLAMOĞLU studied architecture at Karadeniz Technical University. Currently, she is a research assistant at the Faculty of Fine Arts and Architecture, Hasan Kalyoncu University and a PhD student at Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University. 

Tülay Karadayı Yenice, Hasan Kalyoncu University

Tülay Karadayı Yenice is an Associate Professor of architecture at Hasan Kalyoncu University. Her research is in the fields of restoration, conservation, and adaptive reuse, with a focus on cultural sustainability. 


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How to Cite

İslamoğlu, E., & Karadayı Yenice, T. (2022). Cultural Perception Performance Assessment of Adaptively Reused Heritage Buildings: Kilis Eski Hamam Case Study. ICONARP International Journal of Architecture and Planning, 10(1), 203–220.