Forced migration, Syrian refugees, urban security, social integration, spatial analysis



The paper reflects the impacts of the "Arab Spring" that broke out in Tunisia and Syria and led to the loss of more than 300,000 people. A wave of migration began in 2011, especially from Syria to its neighbouring countries including Turkey and Lebanon. Syrian migratory flows have caused social, economic, and ecological problems in the hosting countries. Turkey is one of the countries most affected by the wave of migration from Syria. Syrian refugees were unequally distributed or dispersed not only in leading metropolitan areas of western Turkey but also in many neighbouring cities in the southeast. The distribution of Syrian refugees in Turkish cities revealed considerable spatial heterogeneity and differences.


The sample size of the study is 953 and the margin of error of this sample size is ± 3.17 at a 95% confidence level. Stratified simple random sampling was used. Interviews were


Fatih in İstanbul is one of the districts where Syrian immigrants most often settle. As part of the research on social risk mapping for Fatih District, immigrants - especially Syrian immigrants - have been identified as the main cause of problems by residents (the locals), with this group experiencing higher layoffs in terms of economic opportunities. Our analysis found that the main reason why Syrian immigrants are cited as a problem is "economic motivation". The rate at which Syrians are declared a problem in the districts of Fatih district is directly proportional to the distribution of the Syrian immigrant population.

Research Limitations/Implications

Time restriction, unfavourable weather conditions, missing information for socio economic status calculation, reluctance of women to join the survey.


This study is the first research which examined spatially, how forced migration has an impact on local residents. Its results that can be useful for social measures towards urban planning and management to reduce the negative effects caused from forced migration population.


Author Biographies

Ömer Bilen, Bursa Technical University, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Department of City and Regional Planning

Ömer Bilen received his B. Arch and M. Arch from Yıldız Technical University in the major of statistics. Ömer Bilen received his PhD degree from Yıldız Technical Universtiy in the major of urban planning. He currently works as an Assist. Prof. Dr. at Urban and Regional Department of Bursa Technical University.

Mehmet Gür, Yıldız Technical University

Mehmet Gür currently works at Yıldız Technical University, Deparment of Geomatic Engineering, Division of Land Management as a researcher. He received his M. Arch and PhD degrees from Yıldız Technical University, Turkey. His main areas of research are land management, urban transformation, land valuation and GIS.

Ersan Koç, Bursa Technical University, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Department of City and Regional Planning

Ersan Koç is assistant professor at Bursa Technical University, Department of Urban and Regional Department. His major research topics are urban design and implementation, urban-regional-global geography and planning theory, risk society and resilient cities, industrial history, innovative clusters and local development models, technology, and space.

Ebru Kamacı Karahan, Bursa Technical University, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Department of City and Regional Planning

Ebru KAMACI KARAHAN is assistant professor at Bursa Technical University, Turkey. She completed her PhD dissertation at Middle East Technical University entitled “Re-reading Urbanization Experience of Istanbul through Chancing Residential Mobility Behavior of Households”. She researches housing with particular focus on the intra-urban mobility, migration, GIS and socio-spatial changes.


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How to Cite

Bilen, Ömer, Gür, M., Koç, E., & Kamacı Karahan, E. (2020). SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION ANALYSIS OF SYRIAN IMMIGRANT POPULATION PROBLEM IN FATIH - ISTANBUL. ICONARP International Journal of Architecture and Planning ISSN: 2147-9380, 8, 38–53.