A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON DAYLIGHT PERFORMANCE OF KONYA MOSQUES BUILT IN ANATOLIAN SELJUK AND OTTOMAN PERIOD
Keywords:Daylight, traditional mosque design, interior space, daylight comfort
Daylight control and energy efficiency in architectural design is accepted as one of the main inputs of sustainable architecture. In the present study, we investigate the importance of light factor and daylighting design criterias as the construction technique of mosques improves by adhering to different periods.
Interior space designs of three different Mosques are displayed via plan sketches, therefore every mosque is evaluated particularly in summer term periods when users pray inside mosques in particular day and hour periods. In-situ evaluation results are tested by a luxmeter and comfort device. Each mosques’ technical plans are modelled in 3D programme. Measures are evaluated only when there is natural light inside.
The major design criterias and construction techniques stated in this study will give inspiration to builders to design praying halls which have perfect lighting performance with sacred sense of worshipping activities with full of serenity and concentration.
Short-term and very limited in situ measurements were taken in Konya mosques due to pandemic precautions. Also evolved computational datas of DB programme are the main limitation of this study.
This study is the first to emphasise the importance and development of daylight in places of worship in the center of Konya, depending on the order of architectural design according to different periods. There are very few studies that examine the effect of daylight in worship places and its impact on construction and design. Daylighting in historic Islamic architecture can be further studied via simulation programme.
Aljofi, E. K. (2018). The Potentiality of Domes on Provision of Daylight in Mosques. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research ISSN, 13(7), 5103–5112.
Antonakaki, T. (2007). Theodora Antonakaki. 6th International Space Syntax Symposium, 057-1/057-14.
Arel, H. Ş., & Öner, M. (2017). Use Of Daylıght In Mosques: Meanıng And Practıce In Three Dıfferent Cases. International Journal of Heritage Architecture, 1(3), 421–429. https://doi.org/10.2495/HA-V1-N3-421-429
Bjørn, C. Traditional Kasbahs image. (2011). Retrieved 13 November 2020, from https://bjornfree.com/galleries Burney, W., Hagiasophia Mosque. (n.d.). Retrieved 20 November 2020, from https://traveldigg.com/the-stunning-hagia-sophia-museum-istanbul-turkey
Chepchumba, N. F. (2013). History of Daylighting: A comparative analysis across the periods. Luminous Environment, 14.
Deutsche Welle Pantheon image. (2017). Retrieved 18 January 2020, from https://www.dw.com/enitaly-romes-pantheon-to-start-charging-entry-fee-for-touristsa-41747353
El-darwish, I. I., & Gendy, R. A. E.-. (2016). The role of fenestration in promoting daylight performance. The mosques of Alexandria since the 19th century. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 55(4), 3185–3193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2016.08.006
Eyice, S. (1991). Aziziye Camii. Içinde TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi. İslâm Araştırmaları Merkezi. https://islamansiklopedisi.org.tr/aziziye-camii--konya
Greatest Paka Photography, Alhambra Palace image. (2012). Retrieved 20 November 2020, from https://www.flickr.com/photos/greatestpaka/7095400807/
Hareri, R., & Alama, A. (2020). Lıghtıng Desıgn In Two Mosque Typologıes In The Cıty Of Jeddah, Saudı Arabıa. Islamic Heritage Architecture and Art III, 125–137. https://doi.org/10.2495/IHA200111
Hassan, A. S., & Arab, Y. (2012). Lighting Analysis of Single Pendentive Dome Mosque Design in Sarajevo and Istanbul during Summer Solstice. The Arab World Geographer, 15/2, 163–179.
Horsey, R., Ummayad Mosque image (2019). Retrieved 22 November 2020, from www.adventure.com/tourism-syria-iraq
Kammoun, S., & Saci, A. Ben. (2016). Morpho-Lıght In The Fırst Great Mosques Of Tunısıa, The Research Of Identıty Through The Lıght’s Form. The First İnternational Conference On Mosque Architecture, 173–190.
Küçükdağ, Y. (2009). Sultan Selim Camii ve Külliyesi. Içinde TDV İslam Ansiklopedisi. TDV İslâm Araştırmaları Merkezi. https://islamansiklopedisi.org.tr /sultan-selim-camii-ve-kulliyesi--konya
Lec, A., & Mohammed, S. (2015). Mosques Sinan ’ s Mosques as case study The environmental implementation of natural lighting in congregational mosques Sinan ’ s Mosques as case study. 1st international engineering conference on development in civil and computer engineering applications, December 2014.
Lechner, N. (2001). Heating, cooling, lighting design methods for architects. Wiley.
Mango, C. (1986). Byzantine Architecture. Faber and Faber.
Mazloomi, M. (2010). Horizontal Distribution of Daylight Factor with Reference to Window Wall Ratio in Pendentive Dome Buildings in Tropics, Case of Kuala Lumpur. World Applied Sciences Journal, 10(10), 1247–1254.
Phillips, D. (2004). Daylighting, Natural Light in Architecture (1. baskı). Architectural Press.
Philip J.H., Eskimo, Inuit Houses image(n.d.), Lines in the Ice: Exploring the Roof of the World. McGill-Queen’s University Press. https://www.canadiangeographic.ca/article/map-curator-examines-history-arctic-exploration
Runsheng, T., Meir, I. A., & Etzion, Y. (2003). An analysis of absorbed radiation by domed and vaulted roofs as compared with flat roofs. Energy and Buildings, 35, 539–548.
Shahani, M. (2018). Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque: A Story of Daylight in Sequential Spaces. Space and Culture, 1, 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1177/1206331218782406
Stein, B., & Reynolds, J. (2000). Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings (9. baskı). Wiley.
Tørrissen, B. C. (2011). Traditional Kasbahs. Retrieved 22 March 2020, https://bjornfree.com/travel/galleries/
Yavaş, A. (2008). Konya Sahip Ata (Tahir ile Zühre) Mescidi Alptekin. Atatürk Üniversitesi Güzel Sanatlar Enstitüsü Dergisi, 20, 161–178.
How to Cite
1. The International Journal of Architecture and Planning (ICONARP) open access articles are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDeriatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This license lets the author to share (copy and redistribute) his/her article in any medium or format.
2. ICONARP cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. Under the following terms:
The author must give appropriate credit, provide a link to ICONARP, and indicate if changes were made on the article. The author may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the ICONARP endorses the author or his/her use.
The author may not use the article for commercial purposes.
If the author remix, transform, or build upon the article, s/he may not distribute the modified material.
The author may share print or electronic copies of the Article with colleagues.
The author may use the Article within his/her employer’s institution or company for educational or research purposes, including use in course packs.
3. The author authorizes the International Journal of Architecture and Planning (ICONARP) to exclusively publish online his/her Article, and to post his/her biography at the end of the article, and to use the articles.
4. The author agrees to the International Journal of Architecture and Planning (ICONARP) using any images from the Article on the cover of the Journal, and in any marketing material.
5. As the author, copyright in the Article remains in his/her name.6. All papers should be submitted electronically. All submitted manuscripts must be original work that is not under submission at another journal or under consideration for publication in another form, such as a monograph or chapter of a book. Authors of submitted papers are obligated not to submit their paper for publication elsewhere until an editorial decision is rendered on their submission. Further, authors of accepted papers are prohibited from publishing the results in other publications that appear before the paper is published in the Journal.