THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SPACES IN SIVEREK TRADITIONAL SETTLEMENT
Keywords:Public space, Private space, In betwen space, Traditional Housing, Siverek
Traditional houses are living spaces that the user shapes over time according to specific environmental factors and needs, which come together in a certain pattern forming some key parts of the traditional settlement texture. This pattern, which also reflects the local culture, is created by the relationships among the public, private, and intermediate spaces. The traditional Siverek architectural settlement is quite rich in such spaces. The main elements that form the urban pattern are the squares and streets that form public spaces, the houses representing the private space, and the in-between spaces such as texture-specific dead-end streets and archways that bridge these two types of spaces. However, due to the uninformed and miscalculated interventions in the original texture, mistimed protection measures, and failure to produce solutions for preservation, these architectural gems are at risk of extinction. At this point, two problems have been identified. The first is the preservation of the historical fabric. Another problem is the incompatibility of the newly planned areas with the old texture and housing layout. The purpose of this study is to provide guidance for new planning by analyzing the spatial arrangement of the traditional Siverek settlement.
In this context, from public spaces to residential private spaces, the spaces and their spatial relationships in the Siverek settlement plan were examined in a hierarchical order. The interrelationships among the spatial elements specific to the original texture of Siverek were discussed, and their status regarding their functional and spatial features in the urban texture were explained.
As a result of the study, it is stated that the traditional settlement texture and architecture of Siverek should be documented and preserved. Furthermore, considering the fact that the physical and social components that shape the spatial elements of the traditional fabric remain valid today, the need to transfer spatial formations and spatial hierarchies between public and private spaces to new designs on the settlement scale and building scale was emphasized.
It will serve as a guide for consideration in future designs of the city of Siverek, not by imitating traditional forms, but by analyzing spatial setup.
This study is the first study on the public and private space relationship in Siverek.
Akpirinç, H. H. (2012). Siverek İlçe Merkezinin Coğrafi Etüdü (Yüksek Lisans Tezi). Kahramanmaraş: Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi.
Aydemir, Ş. (2004). Kentsel Arazi Kullanım Modelleri Ve Fizksel Gelişme Formlar. Ş. Aydemir, S. Aydemir, D. Şen Beyazlı, Ö. Nermin, A. M. Öksüz, S. Cenap, . . . Y. Aydın Türk içinde, Kentsel Alanların Planlanması ve Tasarımı (s. 119-140). Trabzon: Akademi Kitabevi.
Çelik, B. (2008). Arkeolojide Urfa. İstanbul: Şanlıurfa Valiliği İl Kültür ve Turizm Müdürlüğü Yayınları.
Doğan, H. (2016). The Interaction Between Public and Private Space inTraditional Environments: The Case of KabaltıHouses in Urfa. Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Gazimağusa, Kuzey Kıbrıs: Doğu Akdeniz Üniversitesi.
Erdönmez , M., & Akı, A. (2005). Açık Kamusal Kent Mekanlarinin Toplum İlişkilerindeki Etkileri. Megaron, 1(1), 67-87.
Erdönmez, M. (2005). . Açık Kamusal Kent Mekanlarının Toplumsal İlişkileri Yapılandırmadaki Rolü, Büyükdere - Levent - Maslak Aksı. Doktora tez.İstanbul: Yıldız Teknik Üniversitesi.
Eyüce , A. (2005). Geleneksel Yapılar Ve Mekanlar. İstanbul: Birsen Yayınevi.
Gökgür, P. (2008). Kentsel Mekanda Kamusal Alanın Yeri. İstanbul: Bağlam Yayıncılık.
Grosz, E. (2001). Architecture from the outside: essays on virtual and real space. Cambridge : MIT Press.
Gürallar, N. (2009). Kamu - Kamusal Alan - Kamu Yapıları - Kamusal Mekân: Modernite Öncesi ve Sonrası için Bir Terminoloji Tartışması. Mimarlık Degisi 350, 52-55.
Habraken, N. (1998). The Structure of the Ordinary: form and control in the built environment. Cambridge Mass: MIT Press.
Hasol, D. (2017). Ansiklopedik Mimarlık Sözlüğü. İstanbul: Yem Yayın.
Hillier, B., & Hanson, J. (1984). The Social Logic of Space. Cambridge: Cambridge University.
Kalak, M. (2018). Siverek Geleneksel Yerleşimini Biçimlendiren Mekansal Ögeler. Eskişehir. Yüksek Lisans Tezi: Anadolu Üniversitesi.
Kandemir, Ö. (2017). Architectural and Urban Identity Transformation of Eskisehir. IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering , 245.
Karaman, A. (1991). Karaman, A. (1991). Toplu Konut Alanlarının Tasarımında Sosyo-Kültürel Veriler: Bazı İlke ve Ölçütlerin İrdelenmesi. Yapı Dergisi(118), 35-41.
Keleş, R. (1980). Kentbilim Terimleri Sözlüğü. Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu Yayınları.
Közcü , H. (2016). Urfa Mimarisinde Kabaltılar. (N. Karadağ, Dü.) Şanlıurfa: Şanlıurfa Büyükşehir Belediyesi.
Kuban, D. (1968). Anadolu Türk Şehri, Tarihî Gelişmesi, Sosyal ve Fizikî Özellikleri. Vakıflar Dergisi, 53-73.
Kuban, D. (1970). 100 Soruda Türkiye Sanat Tarihi. İstanbul: Çağdaş Yayınları.
Madanipour, A. (1996). Design of Urban Space. An Inquiry into a Socio-spatial Process. UCL DISCOVERY, 23(2), 158.
Nooraddin, H. (2002). In-between space: Towards establishing new methods in Street Design. Global Built Environment Review, 50-57.
Özgültekin, R., Akman, E., Demirbağ, H., & Sun, K. (2003). Tarihi ve Kültürüyle SİVEREK. Ankara: Siverek Kaymakamlığı Yayınları.
Rapoport, A. (1969). House Form And Culture. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Rapoport, A. (1977). Human Aspects of Urban Form. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
Sennett, R. (2002). Kamusal insanın Çöküşü. İstanbul: Ayrıntı Yayınları.
Sınmaz, S., & Ahsen Özdemir , H. (2016). Türkiye Şehir Planlama Pratiğinin Kentsel Morfoloji ve Tipoloji Üzerindeki Etkileri, Siverek Kenti İçin Bir Değerlendirme. İdeal Kent(18), 8-33.
Tanyeli, U. (1987). Anadolu-Türk Kentinde Fiziksel Yapının Evrim Süreci (11.-15.yy). İstanbul: Doktora Tezi: İTÜ Mimarlık Fakültesi.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 ICONARP International Journal of Architecture and Planning
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
1. The International Journal of Architecture and Planning (ICONARP) open access articles are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDeriatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This license lets the author to share (copy and redistribute) his/her article in any medium or format.
2. ICONARP cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. Under the following terms:
The author must give appropriate credit, provide a link to ICONARP, and indicate if changes were made on the article. The author may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the ICONARP endorses the author or his/her use.
The author may not use the article for commercial purposes.
If the author remix, transform, or build upon the article, s/he may not distribute the modified material.
The author may share print or electronic copies of the Article with colleagues.
The author may use the Article within his/her employer’s institution or company for educational or research purposes, including use in course packs.
3. The author authorizes the International Journal of Architecture and Planning (ICONARP) to exclusively publish online his/her Article, and to post his/her biography at the end of the article, and to use the articles.
4. The author agrees to the International Journal of Architecture and Planning (ICONARP) using any images from the Article on the cover of the Journal, and in any marketing material.
5. As the author, copyright in the Article remains in his/her name.6. All papers should be submitted electronically. All submitted manuscripts must be original work that is not under submission at another journal or under consideration for publication in another form, such as a monograph or chapter of a book. Authors of submitted papers are obligated not to submit their paper for publication elsewhere until an editorial decision is rendered on their submission. Further, authors of accepted papers are prohibited from publishing the results in other publications that appear before the paper is published in the Journal.