Social creativity, urban design, conscious, unconscious, (re)production of place



This article explores the role of creativity and its aspects in urban environments by tackling the issue of place (re)production based on a particular interpretation of creativity as an “everyday” and “social” phenomenon. The paper gives theoretical evidence for the relationship between place (re)production and social aspects of creativity.


The study benefited from a review on both subjects of social creativity and place (re)production to find out their relationship and how they can be expressed in an urban space design process. Tarbiat pedestrian route in Tabriz, Iran was chosen as a case study. Based on the proposed conceptual model, a thematic content analysis was carried out on the qualitative data collected in 2019 from the Tarbiat pedestrian route using Atlas.ti.06 software with regard to the dimensions of creative (re)production of place.


The main achievement of this article is development of an original conceptual framework for applying 1) social creativity as an effective factor in (re)production of place, and 2) the findings in a practical context.

Research Limitations/Implications

The main limitations of this research include the time constraints of accomplishing a qualitative research, the limited number of previous studies on the topic and the lack of samples qualifying as a case study.

Social/Practical Implications

This article is based on the concept of creativity as a social phenomenon that involves ordinary, unplanned, and collective creative acts of individuals, as well as urban place formation as a socio-spatial process, in which social context plays an important role. Also, according to the results, incentives of social creativity in the (re)production of the place are closely associated with the active role of the users and their enthusiasm to participate in design processes.


This research focuses on an urban regeneration initiative to show how an appropriate context for mobilizing actors, bringing them together and shaping a more creative urban space is achieved by conscious level of place (re)production through inspired and gradual expert-oriented interventions, and the unconscious level of (re)production through the everyday shared experiences of people.

Author Biographies

Behnaz Aminzadeh, University of Tehran

Behnaz Aminzadeh is a professor in Urban Design, College of Fine Arts, Faculty of Urban Planning in University of Tehran, IRAN.  She received her Ph.D., in Urban Planning from University of NSW in Sydney, Australia, and M.Sc., in Urban Design from University of Tehran.

Razieh Rezabeigisani, University Of Tehran

Razieh Rezabeigisani received her Ph.D.  in Urban Planning and M.A. in Urban Design from University of Tehran, IRAN.  She currently works as a university lecturer and researcher.


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How to Cite

Aminzadeh, B., & Rezabeigisani, R. (2020). SOCIAL CREATIVITY AND PLACE (RE)PRODUCTION: TARBIAT PEDESTRIAN ROUTE IN TABRIZ, IRAN. ICONARP International Journal of Architecture and Planning ISSN: 2147-9380, 8(2), 630–651.