Architectural Preservation, Augmented Reality, Kayseri Kuru Kopru, Aqueducts



The architectural preservation embeds all the activities dealing with the sustainability of the built heritage. The representation and diffusion of heritage take a core place in that process. This study aims at the diffusion of the Aqueduct Kuru Kopru towards a broad public audience, establishment of the awareness that Augmented Reality (AR) methods can be used for the evaluation and presentation of the semi-collapsed structures and serving as a model for the representation and diffusion of virtual reconstructions of Architectural Heritage (AH).


This work refers to restoration and heritage visualization charters, combines Computer-Aided Design (CAD), photogrammetry survey method, and advanced texturing techniques to acquire and model virtual reconstructions of the Aqueduct Kuru Kopru from the Roman-Byzantine period to the year 2017. The paper also describes the frameworks for the implementation of a non-immersive and an immersive AR application to visualize modelled reconstructions. The method used consists of three main stages: modelling of the virtual reconstructions, texturing of models, and development of AR applications.


This study establishes AR and cultural heritage digitization techniques as efficient tools to represent and diffuse the Aqueduct Kuru Kopru. It engages a broad public audience in better comprehension and assessment of the aqueduct.

Research Limitations/Implications

The fact that the research is based on a single case study is a limitation for its generalisation. However, the case examined provides a basis for future work that may validate its findings in different contexts.


The paper proposes the rediscovering of long-abandoned aqueduct Kuru Kopru by learning its spatio-temporal evolution through AR.  The developed methodology can be easily implemented and puts forward the use of low-cost materials.


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Author Biographies

Adeoti Gerard Oke, Erciyes University

Adeoti A.G.L. OKE received his B.Arch from the Universite Nationale des Sciences, Technologies, Ingeniérie et Mathématiques (UNSTIM Abomey) in the major of architecture. In the scope of Turkish Government Scholarships, he received his MSc in Architecture in 2019 from Erciyes University, Turkey.

Hale Hayriye Kozlu, Erciyes University

H. Hale KOZLU works at Erciyes University, Department of Architecture, as Assistant Professor since 2011. She got her B.Sc. and MSc degrees at Faculty of Architecture at Selçuk University, Konya, Turkey. She also obtained her PhD degree in Architectural conservation and restoration from Istanbul Technical University, İstanbul, Turkey.

Levent Çoruh, Erciyes University

Levent ÇORUH works at Erciyes University, Department of Visual Communication Design, as Assistant Professor since 2011. He got his B. Sc. and MSc degrees at Faculty of Education at Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey. He also obtained his PhD degree in Graphic Education of Applied Arts from Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.


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How to Cite

Oke, A. G., Kozlu, H. H., & Çoruh, L. (2021). USE OF AUGMENTED REALITY IN THE PRESERVATION OF ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE: CASE OF THE AQUEDUCT KURU KOPRU (KAYSERI, TURKEY). ICONARP International Journal of Architecture and Planning, 9(1), 110–130.