Universal Design in Urban Public Spaces: The Case of Zafer Pedestrian Zone / Konya -Turkey





Universal design, disability, urban spaces, Zafer Pedestrian Zone, Konya


Individuals in society who have different requirements and needs (disabled people, elders, children, prengnant women, parents with strollers etc.) go through many difficulties while accessing urban indoor and outdoor services due to the constraints originating from built environment. Universal design is the design of the environment and the product that can be used by all the people. With it's inclusive and unifying characteristics, universal design has become a design approach that have been adopted by the academia during the recent years. Planning and organizing the urban spaces with regard to the universal design principles will contribute to an increase in the life quality of all the people who use the city. This article aims to evaluate the usage of urban spaces in Zafer Pedestrian Zone, located in Konya city centre, within the scope of universal design principles. The concept of universal design in the historical process, universal design's emergence process and it's principles and significances has been discussed in the theoretical infrastructure section of the article.

In the fieldwork section of the article, the suitability analysis of a chosen sample place's space usage have been carried out scrutinisingly under four chosen headlines, with regards to the universal design principles and standards.


Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

H. Filiz Alkan Meşhur

H. Filiz Alkan Meşhur graduated from the Department of City and Regional Planning of Gazi University (1995), completed her MSc in City Planning at METU (1999), received PhD degree from the Department of Architecture of Selcuk University (2006). Currently, she is associate professor at the Department of City and Regional Planning, Faculty of Architecture, Selcuk University, Konya. Her research interests are Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), suburbanization and housing areas planning, teleworking, disability, and universal and barrier free design.

Bilgehan Yılmaz Çakmak

Bilgehan Yılmaz Cakmak works at Selcuk University, Faculty of Architecture, Department of Architecture as an Asst.Prof.Dr. She got her B.Sc in 2002 in Süleyman Demirel University,  Msc in 2006 in Selcuk University and PhD in 2011 in Selcuk University on Architecture. She is interested in building design, accesiblity, pedestrian movements and user preferences. She has several courses about design, accesibility, marketting and communication in architecture.


Duncan, R. (2007). Universal design-clarification and development. USA: Ministry of the Environment Government of Norway.

Duman, Ü. (2017). Evrensel tasarımın kamusal yapılarda engelliler için önemi: K.K.T.C. İçişleri bakanlığı binasının incelenmesi, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Lefkoşe.

Evcil, A. N. (2014). Herkes İçin Tasarım Evrensel Tasarım. İstanbul: Boğaziçi Yayınları.

Güngör, M., Bolat, A., Cengiz, H. ve Arslan, N. (2011). Özürlülere Yönelik Teknolojik Düzenlemeler. BTK, Sektörel Araştırma ve Stratejiler Dairesi Başkanlığı, Ankara.

Hanson, J. (2004). The Inclusive City: Delivering a more Accessible Urban Environment Throught Inclusive Design. Conferance Paper. International Construction Conferance Responding to Change. York. 7-8 September 2004. http://eprints.ucl.ac.uk/3351/1/3351.pdf

Kavak, M. (2010). Evrensel Tasarım Yaklaşımı Bağlamında Kamusal Mekânlar: Harbiye Kongre Vadisi Örneği, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Bahçeşehir Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Kentsel Sistemler ve Ulaştırma Yönetimi İstanbul.

Knecht, B. (2004). Erişilebilirlikle İlgili Düzenlemeler ve Evrensel Tasarım Felsefesinin Esinlendirdiği Tasarım Süreci, http://www.adaptenv.org.

Mace, R.L. (1998). A Perspective on Universal Design. Designing for the 21st Century: An International Conference on Universal Design. FAIA.

Nimpuno, W.B. (2014). Post-Occupancy Evaluation: The Application of Universal Design in Public Open Space Case Study: Beşiktas Square, Istanbul, Master Thesis, Department of Architecture, Urban Design Programme, Istanbul Technical University, İstanbul.

Sirel, B., Boyacıgil, O., Duymuş, H. & Konaklı, N. (2012). Evaluating of open spaces of Çukurova University campus in respect to physical disabled people. Cukurova University Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, 27(1), 53–72.

Steinfield, E. (1994). The Concept of Universal Design. Center for Inclusive Design&Environmental Access, New York.

URL 1: http://www.sehirdusunce.com/atolyedetay.aspx?AID=13

URL 2: http://universaldesign.ie/What-is-Universal-Design/

URL 3: http://www.ncsu.edu/ncsu/design/cud/pubs_p/docs/poster.pdf

URL 4: http://megoth.github.io/web-accessability-intro/#/intro-splash, retrieved date: 21 June, 2018.

URL 5: http://www.linkreit.com/TC/Pages/20110801_BFA.aspx, retrieved date: 21 June, 2018.

URL 6: https://www.pinterest.co.uk/source/planning.city.cleveland.oh.us/, retrieved date: 21 June, 2018.

URL 7: https://universaldesignmeetstheexitsign.com/accessible-means-of-egress-icon/, retrieved date: 21 June, 2018.

URL 8: http://www.parking-net.com/parking-news/commend-international-gmbh/barrier-free-communication, retrieved date: 21 June, 2018.

URL 9: https://www.credia.co.uk/projects/cities-unlocked, retrieved date: 21 June, 2018.

URL 10: https://www.digitaltrends.com/wearables/microsoft-cities-unlocked-wearable-for-the-blind/, retrieved date: 21 June, 2018.

URL 11: http://www.bethesdamagazine.com/Bethesda-Beat/2014/Pedestrian-Safety-a-Concern-on-Rockville-Pike/, retrieved date: 21 June, 2018.

URL 12: https://www.wbdg.org/design-objectives/accessible/beyond-accessibility-universal-design, retrieved date: 21 June, 2018.

URL 13: https://digitalsynopsis.com/advertising/curitiba-city-hall-safety-crossing-elderly-pedestrians/, retrieved date: 21 June, 2018.

URL 14: https://www.shutterstock.com/es/video/clip-32215342-stock-footage-berlin-germany-oct-a-disabled-person-on-a-wheelchair-crosses-the-road-at-a-pedestrian.html, retrieved date: 21 June, 2018.

URL 15: https://www.accessibletravelnl.com/travel/Holland-Group-Tours-, retrieved date: 21 June, 2018.

URL 16: http://www.abc.net.au/rampup/articles/2010/12/10/3090129.htm, retrieved date: 21 June, 2018.

URL 17: http://www.utta.com.tr/TR/belge/1-73/konya-merkez-tarihi-kent-merkezi-kaip---1997.html




How to Cite

Alkan Meşhur, H. F., & Yılmaz Çakmak, B. (2018). Universal Design in Urban Public Spaces: The Case of Zafer Pedestrian Zone / Konya -Turkey. ICONARP International Journal of Architecture and Planning, 6, 15–40. https://doi.org/10.15320/ICONARP.2018.47