Neighbourhood Patterns in Istanbul: From Historical Form to Manhattanization




Istanbul, historical, modern, neighbourhood pattern, post modern


During the last century, the transformation of Istanbul’s urban structure from monocentric to multi-centric and its rapid population growth resulted in neighborhood patterns which are spread across a large spectrum according to their location and their cultural, socio-economic and historical backgrounds. In urban settings, the potential environment is reinterpreted by its users, and is realized through the application of the space and time-specific societal norms within the context of technological advances. The present study investigates the selected neighborhood patterns from historical to westernized, modern, post-modern (gated) and Manhattanized forms.

According to the results of the study, although some of the historical, westernized and modern neighborhoods have been preserved to a large extent, the haphazard development of high-rise residential buildings has caused traffic congestion, pollution, an increased income gap and changes in land values, and has thus produced functional transformations in their immediate surroundings. In addition, this unnecessary increase in housing density is not only harmful for the city’s famous silhouette but also for its traditional neighborhood relationships. In order to allow a physically, economically and socially more balanced development of the city, it is necessary to control its growth and follow a system of planned development which is not solely for the benefit of real estate investors. It is hoped that the results of the study will be useful for the urban and regional planners, policy makers and investors.



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Author Biographies

Gülden Demet Oruç, Istanbul Technical University

Assist.Prof.Dr. Gulden Demet Oruç is currently working at Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, Urban and Regional Planning Department. Her research topics include urban design and planning. 

Özhan Ertekin, Istanbul Technical University

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Özhan Ertekin is currently working at Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, Urban and Regional Planning Department. His researches mainly focus on urban planning, regional planning, urban design, urban transformation and performance measurement. He had studied on measurement issues for a post-doc study in Regional Economics Applications Laboratory in University of Illinois at Urbana-Campaign in 2007.

Vedia Dökmeci, Istanbul Technical University

Prof.Dr. Vedia Dökmeci is a professor emeritus of Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, Urban and Regional Planning Department. Dr. Dökmeci has many publications, 7 books and was involved in numerous professional activities, including design competitions, research projects, and fellowships, many of which intersected urban and environmental planning. In 2001 she established Real Estate Development Master Program at Istanbul Technical University.


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How to Cite

Oruç, G. D., Ertekin, Özhan, & Dökmeci, V. (2017). Neighbourhood Patterns in Istanbul: From Historical Form to Manhattanization. ICONARP International Journal of Architecture and Planning, 5(2), 172–190.