Libraries and Accessibility: Istanbul Public Libraries Case


  • Gül Yücel İstanbul Gelişim University



Library, accessibility, universal design, public library, İstanbul.


In the study; the assessment of accessibility has been conducted in Istanbul public libraries within the scope of public area. Public libraries commonly serve with its user of more than 20 million in total, spread to the general of Turkey, having more than one thousand branches in the centrums and having more than one million registered members. The building principles and standards covering the subjects such as the selection of place, historical and architectural specification of the region, distance to the centre of population and design in a way that the disabled people could benefit from the library services fully have been determined with regulations in the construction of new libraries. There are works for the existent libraries such as access for the disabled, fire safety precautions etc. within the scope of the related standards. Easy access by everyone is prioritized in the public libraries having a significant role in life-long learning. The purpose of the study is to develop solution suggestions for the accessibility problems in the public libraries. The study based on the eye inspection and assessments carried out within the scope of accessibility in the public libraries subsidiary to Istanbul Culture and Tourism Provincial Directorate Library and Publications Department within the provincial borders of Istanbul. The arrangements such as reading halls, study areas, book shelves etc. have been examined within the frame of accessible building standards. Building entrances, ramps and staircases, horizontal and vertical circulation of building etc. have been taken into consideration within the scope of accessible building standards. The subjects such as the reading and studying areas and book shelf arrangements for the library have been assessed within the scope of specific buildings. There are a total of 34 public libraries subsidiary to Istanbul Culture and Tourism Provincial Directorate on condition that 20 ea. of them are in the European Side.


Metrics Loading ...

Author Biography

Gül Yücel, İstanbul Gelişim University

She graduated from Istanbul Technical University, Architectural Faculty in 1985. In 1988, she received master’s degree in Istanbul Technical University, Institute of Science and Technology Department of Architecture and Urbanism, Building Technology Program. She completed her doctorate in Yıldız Technical University, Institute of Science and Technology, Department of Architecture, with a thesis entitled “Earthquake and Physical and Social Vulnerability Assessment Model for Settlements: Case Study Avcılar District”. In 2013 she worked as an Assistant Professor at Namık Kemal University, Faculty of Fine Arts, Design and Architecture, Department of Architecture. She has been working in Istanbul Gelişim University as an academic staff of department of Architecture since 2015.


Americans with Disabilities Act, ADA. (2016). Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG), <>[Accessed 13 November 2016]

American Library Association, ALA. (2016). (Americans with Disabilities Act) ADA and Libraries, <> [Accessed 13 November 2016]

Disability Law Center. (2016). The Americans with Disabilities Act, ADA. Checklist Libraries, <> [Accessed 07 November 2016]

Engelliler Hakkında Kanun. (2005). Kanun No: 5387/2005. (Resmi Gazete, Sayı: 25868, Tarih: 7 Temmuz 2005)

Engellilerin Haklarına İlişkin Sözleşme. (2009). 3.12.2008 tarihli ve 5825 sayılı Kanun. (Resmi Gazete, Sayı: 27288, Tarih:14 Temmuz 2009)

Halk Kütüphaneleri Yönetmeliği. (2012). Halk Kütüphaneleri Yönetmeliği. (Resmî Gazete, Sayı: 28170, Tarih:11 Ocak 2012).

Kültür ve Turizm Bakanlığı Kütüphaneler ve Yayımlar Genel Müdürlüğü, KYGM. (2015). Bakanlığa Bağlı Halk Kütüphaneleri 2014 Yılı İstatistik Bilgileri, <,134508/halk kutuphaneleri-verileri.html> [Accessed 02 September 2015]

The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, IFLA. (2005). Access to libraries for persons with disabilities – Checklist, By Birgitta Irvall and Gyda Skat NielsenThe Hague, IFLA Headquarters (IFLA ProfessionalReports:89)<> [Accessed 07 November 2016]

Story, M.F., Mueller, J.L., Mace, R.L. (1998). The Universal Design File, Designing for People of All Ages and Abilities. NC State University, The Center for Universal Design, <> [Accessed 20 November 2015]

Türk Standartları Enstitüsü TSE (2011) “Özürlüler ve Hareket Kısıtlılığı Bulunan Kişiler İçin Binalarda Ulaşılabilirlik Gerekleri”, TS 9111 (2011) TSE, TS 9

Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu, TÜİK. (2014).Türkiye Kültür İstatistikleri 2013. Ankara

UNESCO.(2015). Public Library Manifesto (1994) <> [Accessed 25 September 2015]




How to Cite

Yücel, G. (2016). Libraries and Accessibility: Istanbul Public Libraries Case. ICONARP International Journal of Architecture and Planning, 4(2), 81–95.