Swedish Typo-Morphology – Morphological Conceptualizations and Implication for Urban Design

Todor Stojanovski

Abstract


Typo-morphology is a branch of urban morphology that understands physical form, formation and transformation in cities with use of types and typologies. This paper describes three Swedish typo-morphological approaches and discusses urban morphology and typologies in a context of urban design and planning practices. One approach describes architectural styles and typical buildings for different historical periods. The second focuses on classifying neighborhood types and their physical attributes. The third complements the second and argues that the Swedish neighborhood typology describes not only physical spaces, but also social structure.


Keywords


Urban morphology, typo-morphology; building type, neighborhood type, urban design, Sweden

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abarkan, A. (2009). The study of urban form in Sweden. Urban Morphology, 13(2), 121-7.

Abarkan, A. (2013). Typo-morfologi: Metoden och dess tillämpning på bebyggelsesmönster. The Nordic Journal of Architectural Research, 13 (1-2).

Ahlmann, H.W. (ed.) (1934). Ekonomisk-geografisk undersökning av nutida Stockholm med förorter D. 1 Stockholms inre differentiering. Stockholm: Geografiska institutet vid Stockholms högskola.

Alexander, C. (1973 [1964]). Notes on the synthesis of form. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Améen, L. (1964). Stadsbebyggelse och domänstruktur: svensk stadsutveckling i relation till ägoförhållanden och administrativa gränser. Lund: Carl Bloms Boktrykeri.

Améen, L. (1973). Stadens gator och kvarter: stadsmiljöns geografiska grunddrag. Lund: CWK Gleerup.

Berghauser-Pont, M. Y., & Haupt, P. (2010). Spacematrix: space, density and urban form. Rotterdam: NAi Publishers.

Berghauser-Pont, M. B., & Haupt, P. (2013). The Spacemate - Density and the Typomorphology of the Urban Fabric. Nordic Journal of Architectural Research, 18(4).

Björk, C., Kallstenius, P. & Reppen, L. (2003 [1983]). Så byggdes husen 1880-2000: arkitektur, konstruktion och material i våra flerbostadshus under 120 år (5th edition). Stockholm: Formas.

Björk, C., Reppen, L. & Nordling, L. (2009). Så byggdes villan: svensk villaarkitektur från 1890 till 2010. Stockholm: Formas.

Björk, C., Nordling, L. & Reppen, L. (2018 [2000]). Så byggdes staden. (Fjärde uppdaterade utgåvan) (5th updated edition). Stockholm: Svensk Byggtjänst.

Bobkova, E., Marcus, L., Berghauser Pont, M., Stavroulaki, I., & Bolin, D. (2019). Structure of plot systems and economic activity in cities: Linking plot types to retail and food services in London, Amsterdam and Stockholm. Urban Science, 3(3), 66.

Bobkova, E., Berghauser Pont, M., & Marcus, L. (2019). Towards analytical typologies of plot systems: Quantitative profile of five European cities. Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, 2399808319880902.

Caniggia, G. & Maffei, G. L. 2001 [1979]. Architectural Composition and Building Typology: Interpreting Basic Building. Firenze: Alinea.

Cataldi, G., Maffei, G. L., & Vaccaro, P. (2002) ‘Saverio Muratori and the Italian school of planning typology’, Urban Morphology 6(1), 3-14.

Cataldi, G. (2003) ‘From Muratori to Caniggia: the origins and development of the Italian school of design typology’, Urban Morphology, 7(1), 19-34.

Conzen, M. R. G. (1960). Alnwick, Northumberland: a study in town-plan analysis. Transactions and Papers (Institute of British Geographers), (27), iii-122.

Einarsson, T. (2012). In Haas, T. (ed.) Sustainable urbanism and beyond: rethinking cities for the future. New York: Rizzoli.

Engström C.J, Lindqvist A., Lagbo E. & Landahl, G. (1988). Svensk tätort. Stockholm: Svenskakommunförbundet.

Engstrom C.J, & Legeby F. (2001). Scenariostudie om framtidsstaden. Göteborg: Chalmers tekniska högskola.

Engstrom C.J. (2008). Kunskapsdriven näringsutveckling och stadsomvandling. in Cars, G., & Engström, C. J. (eds.). Stadsregioners utvecklingskraft-trender och nya perspektiv. Stockholm: Kungliga tekniska högskola.

Engström C.J. (2018). Kunskapsunderlag till betänkande om transportplaner inom Kommittén Samordning för bostadsbyggande. Available at; http://www.sou.gov.se/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/Kunskapsunderlag-om-transportplaner.pdf.

Franck, K.A. (1994). Types are us. In Franck, K.A. and Schneekloth, L.H. (eds.). Ordering space: types in architecture and design. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 345-372.

Franck, K.A. & Schneekloth, L.H. (1994). Ordering space: types in architecture and design. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Goethe, J.W.V. (1988 [1817]). Scientific studies. New York: Suhrkamp.

Hall, A.C. & Sanders, P. (2011). Morphological design control for large-scale city development: a new proposal. Built Environment, 37, 427-444.

Kropf, K. (2009). Aspects of urban form. Urban Morphology, 13(2), 105-120.

Kropf, K. (2011). Morphological investigations: Cutting into the substance of urban form. Built Environment, 37(4), 393-408.

Kropf, K. (2018). Handbook of urban morphology. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

Linn, B. (1974). Storgårdskvarteret: ett bebyggelsemönsters bakgrund och karaktär. Stockholm: Statens institut för byggnadsforskning.

Linn, B. (1991). Bebyggelsemönstret som analysmodel. In Hall T. (ed.) Perspektiv på planering. Uppsala: HSFR.

Marshall, S. (2011). Urban coding and planning. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

Marshall, S., & Çalişkan, O. (2011). A joint framework for urban morphology and design. Built Environment, 37 (4): 409-426.

Marshall, S. (2016). The kind of art urban design is. Journal of Urban Design, 21(4), 399-423.

McGlynn, S., & Samuels, I. (2000). The funnel, the sieve and the template: towards an operational urban morphology. Urban morphology, 4(2), 79–89.

Mitchell, W.J. (1990). The logic of architecture: design, computation and cognition. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Moudon, (1994). Getting to Know the Built Landscape: Typomorphology. in Franck, K.A. and Franck, K.A. and Schneekloth, L.H. (ed.). Ordering space: types in architecture and design. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. 289-314.

Moudon, A. V. (1997). Urban morphology as an emerging interdisciplinary field. Urban morphology, 1(1), 3-10.

MSBK (Malmö Stadsbyggnadskontoret). (2001) Översiktsplan för Malmö 2000 (Öp 2020). Malmö: MSBK.

Panerai, P. Castex, J., Depaule, J. C. & Samuels, I. (2004 [1977]). Urban forms: the death and life of the urban block. Oxford: Architectural Press.

Panerai, P., Depaule, J., Demorgon., M., & Veyrenche., M. (1980), Elements D'analyse Urbaine. Bruxelles: Archives d'Architecturc Moderne.

Paulsson, G. (1950). Svensk stad I-III. Liv och stil i svenska städer under 1800-talet, Stockholm: Albert Bonniers förlag.

Robinson, J.W. (1994). The Question of Type, in Franck, K.A. and Schneekloth, L.H. (ed.). Ordering space: types in architecture and design. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. 179-194.

Rossi, A. (1982 [1966]). The architecture of the city. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Rådberg, J. (1988). Doktrin och täthet i svenskt stadsbyggande 1875-1975. Stockholm: Statens råd för byggnadsforskning.

Rådberg, J. (2000). Attraktiva kvarterstyper: en undersökning av bebyggelse, befolkning och attraktivitet i Stockholm Söderort. Stockholm: Kungliga Tekniska högskolan.

Rådberg, J. & Friberg, A. (1996). Svenska stadstyper: historik, exempel, klassificering. Stockholm: Kungliga Tekniska högskolan.

Rådberg, J. & Johansson, R. (1997). Stadstyp och kvalitet. Stockholm: Kungliga Tekniska högskolan.

Sanders, P. S., & Woodward, S. A. (2015). Morphogenetic analysis of architectural elements within the townscape. Urban Morphology, 19(1), 5–24.

Sanders, P., & Baker, D. (2016). Applying urban morphology theory to design practice. Journal of Urban Design, 21(2), 213–233.

Samuels, I. (1990). Architectural practice and urban morphology. In: Slater, T. R. (ed.) The Built Form of Western Cities: essays for M.R.G. Conzen on the occasion of his 80th birthday. Leicester: Leicester University Press.

Samuels, I. (1999). A typomorphological approach to design: the plan for St Gervais. Urban Design International, 4(3-4), 129-141.

Samuels, I. (2008). Typomorphology and urban design practice. Journal of Urban Morphology, 12(1), 58-62.

Scheer, B. C. (2010). The evolution of urban form: typology for planners and architects. Chicago: American Planning Association.

Schön, D. A. (1988). Designing: Rules, types and words. Design studies, 9(3), 181-190.

SLL (Stockholms Läns Landsting). (2009). Tätare Stockholm. Stockholm: SLL.

Southworth, M. (2005). Reinventing main street: From mall to townscape mall. Journal of Urban Design, 10(2):151-170.

Southworth, M., & Ben-Joseph, E. (1995). Street standards and the shaping of suburbia. Journal of the American Planning Association, 61(1), 65-81.

Southworth, M. & Ben-Joseph, E. (1996). Streets and the shaping of towns and cities. New York: McGraw-Hill.

SSBK (Stockholms Stadsbyggnadskontoret). (1997). Stockholms byggnadsordning. Stockholm: SBK

SSBK. (2000). ÖP99. Stockholm: SBK

Steadman, P. (1979). The evolution of designs: biological analogy in architecture and the applied arts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Steadman, P. (2014). Building types and built forms. Kibworth Beauchamp: Matador.

Stojanovski, T. (2012). The Swedish urban typologies in the city of Karlstad: neighbourhood conceptualizations and typologies for urban development and transformation in the 21st century. In 3rd International Conference on Degrowth for Ecological Sustainability and Social Equity, Venice, Italy.

Stojanovski, T. (2013). Bus rapid transit (BRT) and transit-oriented development (TOD) (Licentiate thesis, KTH Royal Institute of Technology).

Stojanovski, T. (2018). How density, diversity, land use and neighborhood type influences bus mobility in the Swedish city of Karlstad. Journal of Transport and Land Use, 11(1), 769-789.

Stojanovski, T. (2019a). Urban Form and Mobility-Analysis and Information to Catalyse Sustainable Development (Doctoral thesis, KTH Royal Institute of Technology).

Stojanovski, T. (2019b). Urban design and public transportation–public spaces, visual proximity and Transit-Oriented Development (TOD). Journal of Urban Design, 1-21.

Talen, E. (2002). Help for urban planning: the transect strategy. Journal of Urban Design, 7(3), 293-312.

Talen, E. (2009). Design by the rules: The historical underpinnings of form-based codes. Journal of the American Planning Association, 75(2), 144-160.

Taylor, N. (1999). The elements of townscape and the art of urban design. Journal of Urban Design, 4(2), 195-209.

Talen, E., & Ellis, C. (2004). Cities as art: Exploring the possibility of an aesthetic dimension in planning. Planning Theory & Practice, 5(1), 11-32.

Vidler, A. (1977). The Idea of Type: The Transformation of the Academic Idea, 1750-1830, Oppositions 8, 95-113.

Whitehand, J.W.R. (2001) British urban morphology: the Conzenion tradition. Urban Morphology 5(2), 103-109.

William-Olsson, W. (1984 [1937]). Stockholms framtida utveckling: Bilaga: huvuddragen av Stockholms geografiska utveckling 1850-1930 : bilaga. Stockholm: LiberFörlag.

.

William-Olsson, W. (1940). Stockholm: Its structure and development. Geographical Review, 30(3), 420-438.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15320/ICONARP.2019.81
Fatal error: Call to undefined function curl_init() in /var/www/html/iconarp/lib/pkp/classes/webservice/WebService.inc.php on line 198