AN INVESTIGATION OF SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION MODEL IN CAMPUS AREAS WITH SPACE SYNTAX METHOD

Ahmet Salih Günaydın, Murat Yücekaya

Abstract


Purpose

Campus areas should be designed as centers where social activities can be fulfilled to meet students' needs, and which can serve the society by promoting sustainability. Nowadays, transportation systems (bike path, public transport, etc.) that support sustainability are not very common in campus areas. This situation leads to many environmental, economic and social problems. Therefore, it is extremely important to develop sustainable transport plans to uncover the current state of the transport system and to meet future transport needs.  In the study, it was aimed to compare the spatial characteristics of Kilis 7 Aralik University's current situation and its design in line with sustainable transportation principles.

Design/Methodology/Approach

This study was carried out in the central campus of Kilis 7 Aralik University. In the study, the existing transportation infrastructure of the campus has been evaluated, a sustainable transportation model has been formed in accordance with the concept of "green campus," and changes in spatial characteristics of the campus with the environmental, physical and social contributions of this model have been explained. Spatial composition method was used to analyze the spatial properties.

Findings

In the sustainable design model, while the local integration value decreased, global integration, intelligibility, accessibility, and synergy values were found to increase.

Research Limitations/Implications

In the study, the sustainable transportation model was carried out in a narrow area, such as the campus area. It is thought that the results obtained will be the basis for the studies to be carried out in larger areas.

Practical Implications

Campus accessibility, intelligibility and global integration values have increased with the sustainable transportation model. This situation is expected to increase the livability of campus areas.

Social Implications

It is thought that the mental health and academic achievements of the campus users will be positively affected in the campuses designed with the planning approach based on the sustainable transportation model.

Originality/Value

The article is considered important in terms of examining sustainable transportation in campus areas compared to spatial analysis.


Keywords


Green campus, Kilis 7 Aralık University (KIYU), space syntax, sustainability

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15320/ICONARP.2020.113
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