Re-Defining Traditional Bazaar Areas and Shade Structures Via Parametric Design Methods

Ahmet Emre Dinçer, İbrahim Bektaş, Abdullah Bilgehan İyican, Abdul Samet Engin


For the continuation of life, people created various equipment and goods. To create mutual benefits, they’ve exchanged the overpruduced items with different products. This has begun the shopping act. By the increased amount of transactions, a need of defined area for shopping have arisen. 

For a temporary time, trading areas have been developed at different locations at a certain period. In the course of time, beside trading, these areas served as socio-cultural spaces where the human relations were established. Moreover, demand of being able to immediately access to needed goods have emerged. This situation made having a permanent trading area essential. Therefore, enclosed and permanent trade areas from bazaar, inn, bedesten, arasta to shopping malls have emerged. Next to all these trading areas, traditional bazaar areas keep being established.

Nowadays, there is a need of providing some determined comfort conditions to the users for these street alley bazaars. Decreasing the effect of unfavorable weather conditions and providing supportive certain services and units (like WCs, security, cleanliness, etc.) are some of them. As a fundamental solution, without disengaging the user relations with the outside, shade structures are generally provided. Shade structures can support cleaning and similar jobs by gathering and using rainwater besides its purpose of protecting the user from bad weather conditions. Application examples of these systems are gradually increasing. However, it is necessary to develop new approaches, in order to stop these proposed shade structures, become prototypes and to adapt the proposal to its environment and to increase diversity.

In this study, a convenient shade structure and its alternatives, which are adapted to environmental conditions, were designed to create a sample model for other bazaar areas. In models, basically, folding design approaches were pursued. For production of these shade structure models, parametric modelling technics (Grasshoppers and Rhinoceros software) were used and different variations of model were generated. Chosen examples of models were evaluated in the aspect of feasibility. A comparison was made between the existing examples and our designed models. Ecological contributions of these models were also taken into consideration and harvestable rainwater amount by this system was calculated. Accordingly, advantages of the system to the bazaar area and to its environment were studied.


Bazaar areas, folding architecture, innovative design, computation, environmental parameters

Full Text:



Dinçer, D. (2010). An Evaluation of the Interaction Between Public Spaces and Shopping as a Function. The İstanbul Technical University pp. 15-23.

Dye, W. (2004). Mass Customization in Architecture: Heterogeneity in the Making. 92nd ACSA ANNUAL MEETING, Miami FL, pp 215-229.

Elghazi, Y., Wagdy A., Mohamed, S. and Hassan, A. (2014). T. and Okabe, A. (2013). “Daylighting Driven Design: Optimizing Kaleidocycle Façade for Hot Arid Climate.” Fifth German-Austrian IBPSA Conference, RWTH Aachen University, Germany. pp. 314-321.

Kartal. S. (2013). A Research On The Development Of Shopping (Mall) Buildings In The Historical Process; The Sample Of Çankırı. M. Sc. Thesis. Karabük University Graduate School Of Natural and Applied Sciences. Karabük. Pp. 13-14.

Koçhan, U. (2015). Market and marketing culture in İstanbul. İstanbul Bilgi University pp. 1-2.

Moussavi, F. (2011). Biçimin İşlevi, YEM yayınları, İstanbul.

Reference from Internet: (date of connection: 2017)

Sorguç, A.G., Hagiwara, I. and Selcuk, S., (2009). “Origamics in Architecture: a medium of inquiry for design in architecture.” pp. 235-247. Metu Jfa, 26/2,

Takenaka, T. and Okabe, A. (2013). “A Computational Method for Integrating Parametric Origami Design and Acoustic Engineering. In: Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance” – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference, Volume 2. Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands. pp 289-295.

Tavil, A. (2004). Cephe Sistemlerinde Yeni Teknolojiler - Elektrokromik Pencereler. 2. Ulusal Yapı Malzemesi Kongresi ve Sergisi, İstanbul, pp 111-116.

Ülker, N.E. (1999). Changing Meaning Of Shopping Places, Choice of Site; İzmir Example. M. Sc. Thesis. Dokuz Eylül University Graduate School Of Natural and Applied Sciences. İzmir. Pp. 3-15

Fatal error: Call to undefined function curl_init() in /var/www/html/iconarp/lib/pkp/classes/webservice/ on line 198