The Effects of Incremental Housing Approach on the Level of Residential Satisfaction

Mohammadhossein Azizibabani, Mohammadreza Bemanian


Housing has always been regarded as one of the basic human needs and initial rights and its related costs contain a significant portion of the household's income. Providing affordable housing for low-income groups in many countries, including Iran, is the task of the government and other supportive institutions. In this regard, the Iran’s government recently actions have more focused on the quantitative dimensions of housing production and qualitative issues, which are the main factors of residential satisfaction have less been considered. This paper investigates the effects of the incremental housing approach on the level of residential satisfaction in affordable housing projects. The research method is descriptive-analytic and data were collected through the case study. The results show that influenced indicators by the incremental housing approach including land and building ownership, providing technical and spatial basis for future development, quality improvement, and strengthen the social interactions among the residents, beside site design related indicators, including anticipation of the neighborhood units with proper pattern of activities are the most important factors of residential satisfaction. High residential satisfaction lead to bring a sense of belonging to the place and in upper level the social sustainability in the residential environment. Therefore, in order to increase the efficiency of the positive aspects of this approach, a model for determining the stages of work and necessary actions has been designed.


Incremental Housing, Affordable Housing, Residential Environment, Residential Satisfaction, Housing Development.

Full Text:



Adriaanse, C. C. M. (2007). Measuring residential satisfaction: a residential environmental satisfaction scale (RESS). Housing Built Environment, 22, 287-304.

Ahmadi Disfani, Y., & Aliabadi, M. (2011). Traditional city structures from perspective of Islamic notions. Bagh-I-Nazar Quarterly, 19, 17-30.

Aleksander, C., Silverstein, M., & Ishikawa, S. (1977). A Pattern Language. New York: OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS.

Aravena, A. (2008). Quinta Monroy / ELEMENTAL. Archdaily. Retrieved from


Asefi, M., & Imani, E. (2016). Redefining Design Patterns of Islamic Desirable Contemporary Housing through Qualitative Evaluation of Traditional Homes. Journal of Researches in Islamic Architecture, 4(2), 56-75.

Atamewan, E. E., & Olagunju, R. E. (2017). Incremental Construction for Sustainable Low-Income Housing Delivery in Developing Countries: a Case Study of Bayelsa State Nigeria. ournal of Sustainable Architecture and Civil Engineering, 2(19), 29-39.

Beattie, N., Campbell, M., & Yildirim, A. B. (2010). Incremental housing: Solutions to meet the global urban housing challenge. Paper presented at the In Network session-global university consortium-SIGUS-MIT, Brazil.

Chavez, R. (Producer). (2012). Incremental housing the past and future dwelling solution for the poor. Retrieved from chavez_Past_Future_Dwelling.html

Ebrahimi, S., & Eslami, S. (2010). Architecture and urbanism of Iran during the transition period. Hoviat shahr, 6, 3-14.

Etminani-Ghasrodashti, R., Majedi, H., & Paydar, M. (2017). Assessment of Residential Satisfaction in Mehr Housing Scheme: A Case Study of Sadra New Town, Iran. Housing, Theory and Society.

Galster, G. (1987). Homeowners and neighborhood reinvestment. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.

Gamal, M., A, H. A., & Elhassan, M. (2014). Incremental housing as an alternative housing policy:evidence from Greater Khartoum, Sudan. International Journal of Housing Policy, 14(2), 181-195.

Ghasemi, M., & Ozay, N. (2018). A Discussion on Affordable Housing Projects; Case study Mehr Housing, Iran. Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, 2(3), 137-145.

Goethert, R. (2010, September). Incremental Housing. A Proactive Urban Strategy.

HASGÜL, E. (2016). Incremental housing: A participation process solution for informal housing. ITU A|Z, 13(1), 15-27.

IMRUD. (2017a). Housing masterplan (2017-2025). Retrieved from Tehran:

IMRUD (Producer). (2017b). Website of the Ministry of Roads and Urban Development of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Retrieved from

Joon, P., Yirang, L., Kyohee, K., & Hyounggun, W. (2018). Revisit to incremental housing focusing on the role of a comprehensive community centre: the case of Jinja, Uganda,. International Journal of Urban Sciences.

Lizarralde, G. (2011). Stakeholder participation and incremental housing in subsidized housing projects in Colombia and South Africa. Habitat International, 35(2), 175-187.

Memarian, G. (2014). A research on architectural theoretical foundations. Tehran: Author.

Minnery, J., Argo, T., Winarso, H., & Hau, D. (2013). Slum upgrading and urban governance: Case studies in three South East Asian cities. Habitat International, 39, 162-169.

Mohseni, H. (2012). Pathology of Mehr Housing Projects with an Emphasis on Collective and Pedestrian Spaces (Case Study of Qazvin Mehr Housing). Paper presented at the The first national conferance of permanent building, Mashhad.

Pandelaki, E., & Shiozaki, Y. (2010). The Core House Concept and Its Implementation in Indonesia: Past, Present, Future. International Journal for Housing Science, 34(4), 233-248.

Ravishankar, R. (Producer). (2014, November 20). Belapur Incremental housing - A case study. Retrieved from

Satarzadeh, D. (2009). Survey of Demographic Indicators of Iranian Housing in 2006. Population Quarterly Journal, 67, 57-79.

SCI. (2016). 2016 National Population and Housing Census Report. Retrieved from Tehran:

Seo, K. w. (2012). DNA OF THE HOUSE A Hidden Dimension in the Development of Domestic Space in Seoul. Home Cultures, 9(1), 77-97.

Tabibian, M., & Mansouri, Y. (2013). Improvement of environmental quality and life satisfaction in new neighborhoods with the prioritization of measures based on residents' opinions (Case study: Kashan). Journal of Environmentalology, 39(4), 1-16.

Vasigh, B., Pashtoeizadeh, A., & Bemanian, M. (2009). Location and housing from the perspective of Islam. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies of the Holy Qur'an, 3, 93-102.

Wainer, L., Ndengeingoma, B., & Murray, S. (2016). Incremental Housing, and Other Design Principles for Low-Cost Housing. Retrieved from Rwanda:

Wakely, P., & Riley, E. (2011). The case for incremental housing. Retrieved from Washington:

Wallbaum , H., Ostermeyer, Y., Salzer, C., & Zea Escamilla, C. (2012). Indicator based sustainability assessment tool for affordable housing construction technologies. Journal of Ecological Indicators, 18, 353-364.

Fatal error: Call to undefined function curl_init() in /var/www/html/iconarp/lib/pkp/classes/webservice/ on line 198